7/13/2018 4:31:07 PM
|written By : Team India Se|
The number of babies born in Singapore fell to a seven-year low in 2017, while the number of deaths was the highest in at least two decades.
There were 39,615 babies born in 2017, 4 per cent fewer than the 41,251 in 2016 -- and the lowest since 2010, when 37,967 babies were born.
The number of people who died rose by 4.4 per cent from 20,017 in 2016 to 20,905 in 2017. This is the highest number of deaths going by records dating back to 1998. The figures are from the Report on Registration of Births and Deaths 2017 released by the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority of Singapore on July 11.
The total resident population – Singapore citizens and permanent residents -- increased from 3.93 million in 2016 to 3.96 million in 2017, of whom more than 2.94 million were Chinese, over 530,000 Malays, over 358,000 Indians and more than 128,000 Others. All four ethnic groups increased in population.
Men outnumbered women among the Indians but there were women than men among the Chinese, Malays and Others. There were 1,050 Indian men for every 1,000 Indian women. On the other hand, there were 950 Chinese men for 1,000 Chinese women, 989 Malay men for 1,000 Malay women, and 869 men for 1,000 women in the Others category.
Among the newborns, 23,360 (59.0%) were Chinese, 7,315 (18.5%) Malays, 4,421 (11.2%) Indians and 4,519 (11.4%) of newborns were of other races. In 2017, Malays registered the highest birth rate of 13.7 per 1,000 residents followed by Indians at 9.5 per 1,000 residents. Chinese registered the lowest rate of 7.7 per 1,000 residents.
In 2017, 412 live births were registered without the father’s name. Out of these 412 single-parent births, 85 (20.6%) were born to teenagers. Malays made up the largest proportion of single-parent and teenage mothers. There were 310 live births to teenagers in 2017, down from 332 in 2016.
The median age of resident live births for first-time mothers was 30.6 years at the time of giving birth. Malay mothers have their first child at 27.7 years, against 31.3 years, 29.8 years and 31.0 years for Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups respectively.
Among these first-time mothers, 58 per cent had university degrees and 42 per cent had ‘A’ level or lower qualifications.
The most common causes of death were cancer and heart and hypertensive diseases, which accounted for 52.8 per cent of the deaths in 2017. Lung and respiratory system diseases and cerebrovascular diseases were two other prevalent causes responsible for 22.8 per cent and 6.3 per cent of the death cases respectively. Unnatural causes such as accidents, suicides and other external causes made up 4 per cent. The average age at death was 73.2 years for men and 80.1 years for women.
While 75.3 per cent of the deaths registered in 2017 were Chinese, Malays, Indians and other ethnic groups made up of 14.1 per cent, 8.3 per cent and 2.3 per cent of the death cases respectively.
(All charts from Report on Registration of Births and Deaths 2017, released by the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority)